Cancer Care Center of Brevard remains open while making accommodations for the health and safety of our patients. At this time, we are permitting only one care giver to accompany patients to our locations at this time and no children under the age of 18.

If you have flu-like symptoms, you should contact Cancer Care Centers of Brevard before visiting our clinics for scheduled appointments. This includes fever and symptoms of respiratory illness, such as coughing or difficulty breathing. View More Information

Lung Cancer

Types of Lung Cancer

Lung cancers are broadly classified into two types (which are then broken down into a specific subtype):

  • Small cell lung cancers (SCLC)
  • Non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC)

The difference between the two primary types of lung cancer is literally the size of the cancer cells. Small cell lung cancer cells appear small and round under a microscope while non-small cell lung cancer cells are larger.

Smoking is the primary cause of both types of lung cancer. Among those who are diagnosed with small cell lung cancer, 95% of them have a history of smoking according to a medical study by the Translational Lung Cancer Research Journal.

Small Cell Lung Cancer

SCLC is a fast-growing cancer that accounts for about 10% to 15% of all lung cancers. The two types of small cell lung cancer include:

  • Small cell carcinoma (oat cell cancer)
  • Combined small cell carcinoma

Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

NSCLC is the most common type of lung cancer in the United States, accounting for about 80% to 85% of lung cancers. There are three main types of non-small cell lung cancer:

  • Squamous cell carcinoma (epidermoid carcinoma)
  • Large cell carcinoma
  • Adenocarcinoma

Other less common types of non-small cell lung cancer are pleomorphic, carcinoid tumor, salivary gland carcinoma, and unclassified carcinoma.