Lung cancer is caused by abnormal cells that begin to grow out of control and form tumors in the lungs, and sometimes even beyond the lungs. As with most types of cancer, there are different variations that fall under the category of lung cancer.
The two primary types are Small Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC) and Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC). These types of cancer treated somewhat differently which is why an oncologist will determine the type of lung cancer very early in the treatment process. Read more about the specific types of lung cancer.
The medical oncologist will recommend a treatment plan based on the type, stage and location of the lung cancer. The experienced cancer care team at Cancer Care Centers of Brevard on the Space Coast of Florida is here to help guide every patient through their cancer care journey.
Lung Cancer Signs & Symptoms
Lung cancer can happen to anyone. Men and women who smoke are about 25 times more likely to develop lung cancer than nonsmokers. But at least 20% of those diagnosed with lung cancer never smoked at all! Whether you’re young or old, a smoker or nonsmoker, it’s important to be on the lookout for lung cancer symptoms.
Types of Lung Cancer
Lung cancers are broadly classified into two types, small cell lung cancers and non-small cell lung cancers. The difference between the two primary types of lung cancer is literally the size of the cancer cells. Small cell lung cancer cells appear small and round under a microscope while non-small cell lung cancer cells are larger.
Lung Cancer Diagnosis
There are multiple tests used to detect, diagnose, and stage lung cancer. The tests used with each patient will vary based on the type and whether it’s suspected that the cancer has spread outside of the lungs.
Lung Cancer Staging
After determining a diagnosis of small cell or non-small cell lung cancer there may be additional testing to determine if the cancer cells have spread within the chest or to other parts of the body. Information gathered determines the stage of the disease and the treatment plan.
Lung Cancer Treatment Options
The type of treatment you receive for lung cancer will depend on the type of lung cancer that you've been diagnosed with, as well as the stage and your overall health. The experts at Cancer Care Centers of Brevard will walk you through your personalized lung cancer care treatment options.
Lung Cancer Risk Factors
When it comes to lung cancer, no one is immune to the possibility of developing it— and unfortunately, there are several risk factors that can leave you more susceptible than others. While there are some obvious risk factors, like smoking, that can be changed, other risk factors, like genetics, cannot.