Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer in men after skin cancer with 1 in 9 men receiving a diagnosis in their lifetimes. It’s more commonly found in men over age 65, and African-American men are more likely to be diagnosed. However, because of regular screening and advances in prostate cancer treatments, most men with prostate cancer do not die from it.
Several types of cells are found in the prostate, but almost all prostate cancers develop from the gland cells (the cells that make the prostate fluid that is added to the semen). The medical term for a cancer that starts in gland cells is adenocarcinoma.
Prostate cancer is somewhat different from other types of cancers because it’s typically slow-growing and can sometimes be monitored for years before treatment is needed. Learn more about how prostate cancer is detected and treated so you can take an active role in making decisions about your care.
Testing & Diagnosis
Your doctor can check for prostate cancer before you have any symptoms. During an office visit, your doctor will ask about your personal and family medical history. You’ll have a physical exam.
When prostate cancer spreads, it’s often found in nearby lymph nodes. If cancer has reached these nodes, it also may have spread to other lymph nodes, the bones, or other organs.
The treatment that’s right for you depends mainly on your age, the grade of the tumor (the Gleason score), the number of biopsy tissue samples that contain cancer cells, the stage of the cancer, your symptoms, and your general health. Your doctor can describe your treatment choices, the expected results of each, and the possible side effects.